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LONDON, Saco-Indonesia.com - Inilah yang terjadi ketika anda terkena turbulensi ekstrem sesaat setelah sarapan disajikan. Para penumpang sebuah penerbangan Singapure Airlines baru-baru ini mengalami kekacauan di kabin setelah penerbangan mereka mengalami guncangan keras dan mendadak terhempas (kehilangan ketinggian).

Sebanyak 11 penumpang dan seorang awak terluka dalam insiden yang dialami penumpang bernomor penerbangan SQ308 dari Singapura menuju London itu.

Seorang penumpang pada penerbangan itu, yang melihat kopinya berakhir di langit-langit kabin, berhasil mengambil sejumlah gambar yang ia posting ke Instagram. Penumpang bernama Alan Cross itu mengatakan kepada ABC News bahwa para penumpang dalam penerbangan itu telah diperingatkan akan mengalami turbulensi dan bahwa layanan sarapan akan dihentikan sementara.

Beberapa saat kemudian tanda sabuk dikenakan muncul. Kapten pun mengeluarkan perintah agar semua awak kabin segera kembali ke tempat duduk. Cross mengatakan, turbulensi yang kemudian terjadi terasa 'seperti berada dalam lift yang kabelnya terpotong atau seperti terjun bebas dari komedi putar."

Ia mengatakan, segala sesuatu yang tidak terikat, termasuk orang-orang, menghantam langit-langit.

Maskapai itiu mengatakan kepada Australia News seperti dikutip Mail Online, Senin, "Sebelas penumpang dan seorang awak menderita luka ringan saat pesawat itu tiba-tiba mengalami kehilangan ketinggian dan (mereka) menjalani perawatan medis saat tiba di Bandara Heathrow (London). Tanda-tanda kenakan sabuk pengaman telah muncul dan layanan makan sudah ditangguhkan."

Cross berkata, para awak kabin sangat mengagumkan setelah guncangan itu terjadi, mereka dengan tenang dan efisien melakukan bersih-bersih. Dia mengatakan para awak memeriksa yang cedera sebelum membersihkan kekacauan dan memberikan penumpang sejumlah kotak cokelat saat mereka di Heathrow, di mana mereka ditemui paramedis.

Menurut Mail Online, awal tahun ini, para ilmuwan sudah menyatakan bahwa perubahan iklim dapat mengakibatkan penerbangan dari London ke New York akan semakin menggucang di masa depan. Para peneliti dari universitas East Anglia dan Reading menganalisa simulasi superkomputer prihal kondisi atmosfer di atas Atlantik Utara dan mengklaim perubahan iklim akan meningkatkan turbulensi udara.

Editor :Liwon Maulana
Kekacauan di Area Penerbangan Setelah Kena Turbulensi

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edisonís Dolls Can Now Be Heard

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