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Saco-Indonesia.com - Kesennuma, Miyagi, Jepang, menjadi lokasi kesembilan dalam rangkaian proyek "Home For All" yang diinisiasi oleh arsitek Toyo Ito.

Hanya berjarak beberapa hari setelah musibah gempa dan tsunami di Jepang pada 2011, Ito memprakarsai pembangunan berbagai fasilitas umum di lokasi-lokasi dengan kerusakan terparah di Jepang. Kini, Yang Zhao berhasil merampungkan satu lagi fasilitas umum bagi penduduk Jepang.

Yang Zhao bekerja di bawah bimbingan Kazuyo Sejima dari SANAA. Zhao membangun di garis pantai Kesennuma. Daerah tersebut merupakan salah satu permukiman nelayan di barat laut Jepang. Zhao membuat sebuah struktur dari kayu dan beton yang bisa digunakan sebagai pasar, tempat berkumpul penduduk, bahkan area pertunjukan.

"Ini adalah tempat berlindung di mana para nelayan bisa beristirahat. Para istri bisa menunggu suami mereka kembali dengan hasil tanggapan dan terkadang menjadi pasar," ujar Zhao.

Strukturnya dibangun dalam bentuk heksagonal. Dinding beton di sekelilingnya berfungsi menyangga atap serta membuat tempat perlindungan ini memiliki beberapa ruang berukuran kecil.

Atapnya terbuat dari kayu berwarna cerah dan memiliki lubang berbentuk segitiga di tengah-tengahnya. Dinding beton di sekeliling tempat berteduh ini tidak menutup sekeliling bangunan. Bangunan tetap terbuka, dan mudah digunakan untuk berbagai keperluan.  
Tempat perlindungan ini juga memiliki ruang-ruang berukuran kecil. Salah satu ruang bisa digunakan sebagai dapur dan bisa ditutup dengan menggunakan pintu kaca. Sementara itu, ruang kedua dibentuk berdasarkan engawa, beranda tradisional Jepang. Ruang ketiga jendela atap.   "Pada waktu malam, bangunan berpendar dengan hangat dari dalam, seperti mercusuar, menunggu para nelayan kembali dari laut," ujar Zhao.
Sumber :www.dezeen.com/kompas.com
Editor : Maulana Lee
Seorang ARSITEKTUR "Home for All", Tempat Berlindung Korban Gempa dan Tsunami
Photo
 
Many bodies prepared for cremation last week in Kathmandu were of young men from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas. Credit Daniel Berehulak for The New York Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal — When the dense pillar of smoke from cremations by the Bagmati River was thinning late last week, the bodies were all coming from Gongabu, a common stopover for Nepali migrant workers headed overseas, and they were all of young men.

Hindu custom dictates that funeral pyres should be lighted by the oldest son of the deceased, but these men were too young to have sons, so they were burned by their brothers or fathers. Sukla Lal, a maize farmer, made a 14-hour journey by bus to retrieve the body of his 19-year-old son, who had been on his way to the Persian Gulf to work as a laborer.

“He wanted to live in the countryside, but he was compelled to leave by poverty,” Mr. Lal said, gazing ahead steadily as his son’s remains smoldered. “He told me, ‘You can live on your land, and I will come up with money, and we will have a happy family.’ ”

Weeks will pass before the authorities can give a complete accounting of who died in the April 25 earthquake, but it is already clear that Nepal cannot afford the losses. The countryside was largely stripped of its healthy young men even before the quake, as they migrated in great waves — 1,500 a day by some estimates — to work as laborers in India, Malaysia or one of the gulf nations, leaving many small communities populated only by elderly parents, women and children. Economists say that at some times of the year, one-quarter of Nepal’s population is working outside the country.

Nepalís Young Men, Lost to Migration, Then a Quake

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